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Eat Well Nova Scotia

August 2022 - Newsletter - All About 'Inflammation'

Nicole Marchand
Nicole Marchand Published on August 12, 2022

Chronic inflammation - What does it mean? How do we know if we have inflammation? How can we reduce inflammation? What are some anti-inflammatory foods? Pro-inflammatory foods? + Anti-inflammatory/balanced meal ideas & Activity options for anti-inflammation!


What are some signs you may have inflammation?


Joint pain

Muscle pain

Chronic fatigue

Skin concerns - Rosacea, acne, eczema, psoriasis

Edema/swelling of the limbs

Back pain

Poor digestion - Bloat, constipation, loose stools, heartburn/indigestion

Recurrent sinus infections, UTI's, bladder infections, etc.

Anxiety/depression or poor mood regulation

Hormonal imbalances


What are some chronic diseases related to systemic/chronic inflammation?

Metabolic diseases - Type 2 Diabetes, Fatty liver disease, Heart disease, PCOS, Alzheimer's disease

Autoimmune diseases - Rheumatoid Arthritis, IBD, Hashimoto's


Chronic fatigue syndrome



Infertility/erectile dysfunction

Cognitive dysfunction including mood disorders


What are some causes of chronic inflammation?

A diet high in processed/refined foods - including processed/nitrated meats

A diet low in plant-based whole foods & colourful fruits and vegetables

Sedentary lifestyle - inactivity

Dysbiosis (poor gut bacteria balance) caused by some medications including PPI's & NSAID's as well as long-term use of antibiotics, also caused by poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle

Nutrient deficiencies including Vitamin D, Vitamin A, zinc, magnesium & more!

Low stomach acid production caused by poor diet and the use of PPI's

Intestinal permeability (leaky gut)

Pollution/poor air quality/high toxic load

Excessive alcohol intake

Stress - Poor stress management

Poor sleep* - Less than 6-8 hours/night & poor sleep quality

*Poor sleep is linked to an increased production of proinflammatory cytokines (markers) such as CRP and a decreased production of anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Unresolved infections/injuries


Foods that are linked to chronic inflammation:

Foods that prevent/reduce chronic inflammation:

Anti-inflammatory sample day:


Yogurt bowl with plain yogurt, 1/2 tsp maple syrup, 1⁄2 cup blueberries/blackberries, 2 tbsp ground flaxseeds, 2 tbsp hemp seeds, 2 tbsp pumpkin seeds, 2 tbsp shredded coconut (optional) + 1 scoop protein and/or collagen powder (optional) - Add spices such as cinammon for increased anti-inflammatory properties.


Sandwich on spelt/sourdough bread with sliced tomatoes & sprouts with chicken or boiled eggs (mixed with olive oil mayo and/or avocado) and a side arugula or kale salad with olive oil vinaigrette (homemade or good quality when possible). Add sunflower seeds to the salad & vegetables of choice + sauerkraut for improved anti-inflammatory properties.


Spiced roasted vegetables + lamb chops (or protein of choice) & sauteed greens/vegetables:

1 cup of mixed roasted vegetables including celeriac, squash and parsnip –roasted with butter, olive oil & herbs & spices such as cumin, turmeric, paprika, etc. With sautéed greens & vegetables of choice with olive oil, garlic (or garlicoil) and citrus. Add a protein – chicken, lamb, steak, tofu, etc. ***Marinating or adding herbs and spices such as mint to lamb (for example) improves the anti-inflammatory properties.

Anti-inflammatory diet - Recipe websites:


What about physical activity to prevent/reduce inflammation?


Thank you for reading!

Nicole Marchand, RD.


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